Mailing / Introduction to Georgia: Day 2-4

Modern architecture and infrastructure of Georgia

For the past ten years, architects around the world have been tracking the new architectural transformations of Georgia, which was built with the help of government. Many architects manage to implement their projects, let's take a look at them.

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Houses of Justice

Service center for issuing documents and performing state services.
The new Houses of Justice in Georgia are masterpieces of modern architecture and functional state institutions. They act on the principle of "one window" here, documents are drawn up and issued in the shortest possible time, from passports to certificates of registration of enterprises. Each city has original design: Tbilisi, Gurjaani, Poti, Tianeti, Kazbegi, Borjomi, Oni, Lagodekhi, Akhalkalaki and Mtskheta.
The House of Justice in Tbilisi on the Kura River was opened in 2011. The building was built in 18 months and covers the area of 32,000 sq.m. The author of the project is the Italian architect Massimiliano Fuxasi. Today, the House of Justice in Tbilisi, the world’s largest state service center, has received a prestigious United Natiopn award in the nomination «Improvement of the provision of the most important state services».

East-West highway

E-60 European Transit Road, which will pass through the entire country and connect it to Azerbaijan and Turkey.
The construction of a new East-West highway or E-60 European transit highway will cross the country and connect it with Azerbaijan and Turkey. It is the second largest European transit corridor starting in Brest (France) and ending in Irkeshtam (Kyrgyzstan). In Georgia, the E-60 begins at the border with Azerbaijan and ends on the Black Sea coast near the port of Poti. On the territory of Georgia, the length of the corridor is 392 kilometres.

As a result, the road from the Red Bridge (border with Azerbaijan) to Sarpi (border with Turkey from the Adjara side) takes 8 hours today, it will take only 4-4.5 hours after the completion of the main line. The road will be completed in June 2022.
In 2009, the head of the Georgian Highway Department instruct the Berlin studio Jurgen Mayer H. Architects to design 20 stops with recreation system on the new highway. The first two rest stops were completed in 2011 near Gori, the third in Lochini in 2012. New rest stops are located on selected picturesque viewing sites along the route and serve as activity centers for their district, they include not only petrol stations and supermarket, but also the farmer's market and the cultural space for local arts and crafts.
The development of Georgia’s transit role is one of the main priorities of the Government. In 2019, a record $1.5 billion lari (approximately $508 million) was allocated to infrastructure projects. Overall, the Georgian Department of Highways carried out repair work on about 800 kilometers of road in 2019, almost four times more than last year. Chinese companies are actively involved in road construction and repair in Georgia.

Europe-Asia railway
Construction of the new Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway (BTK), which connects Azerbaijan and Turkey via Georgia.
The new Europe-Asia railway passes through Georgia and connects Azerbaijan and Turkey. It was opened in October 2017. The total length of the BTK is 829 km. Trade between Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey is expected to increase to $10 billion per year.
On the outskirts of the Georgian town of Akhalkalki, with a population of 60,000, stands in a field, a bone-white building of a new railway station. Designed by famed architect Jürgen Mayer, this railway station on the Georgian-Turkish border is expected to serve as an important hub of China's $ 1 trillion global infrastructure project named The Belt and Road. Length is 6,000 kilometers across 13 countries.
The Akhalkalaki International Railway Station was built in 2018 and it is a part of the construction of the new Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway (BTK), which connects Azerbaijan and Turkey via Georgia, Effectively improving broader economic relations between Europe and Asia. Akhalkalaki Station (Akhalkalki) contains a switch mechanism that allows Turkey’s narrower European routes to connect to the wider Soviet-era routes still in use by Georgia and Azerbaijan. Therefore, passengers will have to board here and pass through passport control. The station is expected to accommodate up to 3 million passengers per year.

Georgian Railway Head Office
North of central Tbilisi.
As part of the innovative business corridor in the northern part of the centre of Tbilisi, GRAFT company developed the master plan of the Didube Chughureti district which creates a scenic and dynamic landscape and a good working environment with a wide range of activities for visitors and residents of the city. Two towers create a new city gate, where the head offices of the Georgian railway company located and defines the new urban landscape. The green is provided, it serves as the place for meetings.
The new open-air museum displays locomotives of the Georgian railway company, and for the first time, vehicles and historical artifacts have been collected in one place. The atrium combines social areas and a cafeteria, as well as a large public staircase, which serves as a place for people to meet and relax.

Modern Tbilisi

The bridge of peace

It is 156 meters of glass designed by the Italian Mikkele de Lucci (Michele de Lucchi), in the evening it is illuminated by 30,000 luminaries, designed by the French Philippe Martino.

House of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia

The building of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia in Tbilisi looks like a large glass wave designed by Spanish architect Alberto Domingo Cabo. Inside are huge windows from floor to ceiling. No curtains and blinds. Almost all of the city’s police stations in Batumi, Kutaisi or Telawi are also looks transparent and open. It shows how transparent the police work is.

King David Residence

A new concept in a luxury hotel with serviced apartments, providing first-class, modern rooms that are awaited by international business travelers. Developed by Ellis Williams Architects.

The two towers stand separately, but are connected together at the lower level of the podium, emphasizing their strength and connection to the rock. Their shapes also help to provide additional seismic resistance.

The shape of the building is seen as a continuation of the rocks along the Mtkvari River, creating a new landmark visible from many places in the city and connecting it to the mountains beyond it. The cladding was designed to give a sense of rock formation, or layers that refer to its position on the site.

Lisi Green Tower

Lisi Green Tower is a new residential building on Lisi Hill in Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, with breathtaking views of the Mtkvari River valley. Project of architectural bureau UNStudio from the Netherlands.

The design concept of the Lisi Green Tower is based on a combination of the local and traditional Georgian "veranda" approach and smart residential solutions. The building, with its integrated connection to the new green area in the form of green verandas, will become an architectural anchor and a new public center for the development of the Lisi veranda.

The tower itself is defined as the folded volumetric composition of vertical villas, which are arranged so that the surrounding landscape and the large terraces merge into a new integrated manifesto of life.

TBC Forum

Another project from the UNStudio Bureau of Architecture is the new headquarters of TBC Bank. The new TBC Forum offers a cultural hub that will act as a catalyst for the development of the city’s new neighborhood, promoting socio-economic development through the creation of a financial knowledge center and an innovation platform.

Inspired by the historic highland village of Shatili, where the integration of nature and architecture plays a central role.

The TBC Forum is defined by three main sections:
  1. TBC Headquarters.
  2. Innovation Laboratory, a new center for research and the generation of new ideas.
  3. The Cultural Center, unites galleries, restaurants, kindergartens and weaving, thus ensuring interaction between different areas of interest.

Centre for Emergency Management

An innovative emergency management center opened on Lake Lisi. Its building is like a big flying saucer parked on the shore.

Modern Batumi

McDonald’s with the petrol station

The architect Giorgi Khmaladze designed the McDonald’s building in the seaside town of Batumi. It is a beautiful geometric figure, with a small pond and nearby buildings reflected in the glass facade. Two different functional zones are isolated from each other, as the petrol station is located under the awning and is hidden from the view of the restaurant’s visitors. And on the roof of this awning is a green area, as an open courtyard of McDonald’s.

Green Cape SPA Resort

The design for the Green Cape Spa Resort in Batumi, Georgia, acts as a subtle reflection of the surrounding natural landscape. Due to the area’s unique subtropical climate and proximity to the Batumi Botanical Garden, the environment around the Spa is host to an incredible variety of flora and fauna. There is a panoramic view of the Black Sea from the platforms, which highlights the harmony of the resort with its natural environment.

Guests arrive via water taxi where they are guided to the resort via the beach tower. The design included plans to revitalize a nearby sea station and cable car connection to the spa, offering guests uncompromised views. On arrival at the resort, guests are able to experience a sequence of tailor-made experiences superimposed and intertwined with each other, such as sports facilities, private infinity pools, and beach terraces.


This is an urban cable way connecting the town with the highland. It is located on Anuria mountain up to 250 meters height above the sea level. The construction process of the Cultural Entertainment complex ARGO started in 2010 and continued till the August 2013. The length of the cable way is 2,586 meters and the height is 256 meters. 20 eight seat gondolas are moving constantly on it. It takes approximately 15 minutes to cover one-way trip, the full capacity consists of 500 passengers in an hour.

Modern Kutaisi

A small western Georgian town is 220 km from Tbilisi.

Kutaisi International Airport

Since its opening, the Kutaisi International Airport project has been recognized as one of the "13 most beautiful airports in the world" by Curbed. Passenger turnover increased from 12,915 in 2012 to over 300,000 in 2016 and is expected to reach 1,000,000 in 2020. With the development of additional railway links between Tbilisi and the Black Sea coast, as well as future regional investments in the new Silk Road belt.

Modern resource-saving and environmental technologies were used in the design. The gaps in the perforated shell of the observation tower are equipped with LED illumination. The luminaries change color depending on the force of the wind. All buildings are equipped with a system for the collection and treatment of used water. The comfort of the rooms is maintained by means of tubular heat exchangers built into floors. The south and south-east side of the terminal is covered by a roof overhangs to prevent overheating of the halls.

Parliament House

In 2012, the parliament was moved to Kutaisi. The parliament building was designed by the Spanish architect Alberto Domingo Cabo, the father of the new Georgian architecture. He built the glass building of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and created a fashion for glass police buildings.

The House of Parliament looks like a crystal turtle. It’s a large seven-story building that’s covered with a glass sphere of irregular shape. There’s a lot of outdoor space inside the dome, 217 offices. The heart of Parliament is the Assembly Hall, where all political decisions are taken.

The parliamentary project was grandiose - it was supposed to build the parliament itself, a five-star hotel, a beautiful park and so on, but had only managed to build the parliament as the 2012 elections took place and the investors dispersed. The parliament cost about 326 million lari ($110 million).

But in 2019, the Parliament of Georgia completed its work in Kutaisi and resumed its work in the capital.
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Modern Mestia

Town of urban type in Upper Svanetia, with a population of 2,600. Height of 1,500 m above sea level. (Southern slope of the Greater Caucasus)

Airport Terminal

Mestia located in the mountains of the Caucasus in Georgia. It is a medieval city known for its numerous stone defensive towers. As a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a center for a large winter sports region, the city has a significant tourist potential, Government of Georgia is making great efforts for development of this area.

The airport building is a replica of the defensive tower. The Jurgen Mayer H. Architects project in Berlin.

House of Justice

The granite perimeter of the "Houses of Justice", looks like the links of the chain. There is a two-storey community center. Project of Berlin studio Jurgen Mayer H. Architects. completion of construction: 2012. Area of the building: 350m².

Police station

The outer shape of the police station looks like medieval stone towers scattered throughout the mountainous landscape of the region, saving the essence of the established heritage. Located in the heart of the city, the facade of the building is permeated by a large vertical window aperture providing maximum transparency through uniformly textured concrete walls. Project of Berlin studio Jurgen Mayer H. Architects. Completion of construction: 2012.

Border crossing point
Project of Berlin studio Jurgen Mayer H. Architects. Completion of construction: 2011.
Border crossing point is located on Georgia’s border with Turkey, on the Black Sea. The tower is used as a viewing area, where the coastline can be seen. In addition to normal customs offices, the building also has a cafeteria, staff rooms and a conference room. The building welcomes visitors to Georgia, representing the progressive rise of the country.
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